Coal Gasification and Water Resources Development

by Elbert E. Whitlatch, Jr., (A.M.ASCE), Asst. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, Ohio,

Serial Information: Journal of the Water Resources Planning and Management Division, 1977, Vol. 103, Issue 2, Pg. 299-314

Document Type: Journal Paper


A method is developed for determining the location of high and low-Btu coal gasification facilities to minimize the cost of plants, gas transmission, coal supply and transport, solid waste disposal, and water supply. Economic efficiency is achieved in meeting the demand for gas at designated market centers. Linear programming optimization models are developed for this purpose. The method should be useful in planning the joint development of energy and water resources in those regions designated by the Water Resources Council as being constrained by water availability in achieving National energy self-sufficiency. The models can also be used to indicate the tradeoffs between environmental concerns and economic efficiency. It is concluded that the relative availability of water at a potential coal gasification plant site may significantly affect the final price of gas. It is recommended that detailed studies of water use and conservation in both the Lurgi and advanced technology processes be undertaken.

Subject Headings: Water resources | Coal | Water supply systems | Optimization models | Gasification | Water conservation | Freight transportation | Natural gas

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