Social and Environmental Costs in Construction

by Enno Koehn, (M.ASCE), Assoc. Prof. of Civ. Engrg.; Ohio Northern Univ., Ada, Ohio,

Serial Information: Journal of the Construction Division, 1976, Vol. 102, Issue 4, Pg. 593-597

Document Type: Journal Paper


The results of a survey designed to determine the percentage of construction costs spent for social and environmental controls is presented. Questionnaires were sent to a selected number of contractors appearing on The ENR 400 Contractors Compilation. The data indicate that 10.21% of the overall yearly construction cost is allocated for social and environmental controls. The corresponding yearly dollar amount for social and environmental controls is approximately –20,400,000,000.

Subject Headings: Social factors | Environmental issues | Construction costs | Contractors and subcontractors | Surveys (non-geomatic) | Sustainable development

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