Analysis of Backpacked Liners

by Sidiq M. Dar, (M.ASCE), Mechanical Engineer; Spokane Mining Research Center, U.S. Bureau of Mines, and Associate Prof. of Civ. Engrg., Gonzaga Univ., Spokane, Wash.,
Robert C. Bates, Supervisor Mining Engr.; Spokane Mining Research Center, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Spokane, Wash.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, 1976, Vol. 102, Issue 7, Pg. 739-759

Document Type: Journal Paper


A set of theoretical equations has been developed that predict the stresses and displacements everywhere in a liner-backpacking support system of linearly elastic material. It is assumed that the field stresses are applied to the system after the liner has been placed, and the pressures due to the instability of the rock opening itself are not considered. Theoretical work is applicable to any number of concentric layers of material, thereby enabling one to handle underground situations where backpacking can be placed between liner and rock. Graphs showing the benefits and limitations of backpacking are given along with an example showing the effects of an ultrasoft layer of material surrounding the liner. These equations when applied to existing laboratory data show good agreement with measured values, and they have also guided the design of field liner installations.

Subject Headings: Linings | Rocks | Displacement (mechanics) | Linear functions | Elastic analysis | Laboratory tests | Agreements and treaties | Plastic design

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