Characteristics of Rural Household Wastewater.

by Robert Siegrist, Specialist in Sanit. Engrg.; Small Scale Waste Management Project, Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisc.,
William C. Boyle, (M.ASCE), Prof. of Civ. and Environmental Engrg.; Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisc.,
Michael Witt, Sanit. Engr.; Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources, Madison, Wisc.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Environmental Engineering Division, 1976, Vol. 102, Issue 3, Pg. 533-548

Document Type: Journal Paper


In order to effectively study and improve methods of on-site treatment and disposal of wastewaters from individual homes, quantitative and qualitative characterization of household wastewater is necessary. To enhance the existing characterization data base, field studies were conducted at the University of Wisconsin as part of the Small Scale Waste Management Project. Water use was monitored at ll homes for a total of 434 days. Various individual household events were studied and their usage characteristics were determined, including frequency of use, flow per use, and flow per capita per day. Daily and weekly flow patterns were also developed. Wastewater quality characterization was accomplished for the various households events by sampling at four homes for a total of 35 days. For each event and the various quality parameters, the concentration and mass of pollutants per event occurrence, and the mass of pollutants per capita per day were determined.

Subject Headings: Field tests | Rural areas | Municipal wastewater | Wastewater treatment | Waste management | Project management | Pollutants | Databases

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