Composite Construction Methods

by John P. Cook, (F.ASCE), Jacob Lichter Prof. of Engrg. Construction; Univ. of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio,

Serial Information: Journal of the Construction Division, 1976, Vol. 102, Issue 1, Pg. 21-27

Document Type: Journal Paper


Composite construction provides a method of using two materials together so as to utilize each material to its best advantage. Some of the construction problems associated with the normal steel-concrete composite beams are examined, including the placing sequence of deck concrete and the monitoring of deflections to insure proper slab thickness. New approaches to steel-concrete composite construction include a beam and column system and a box girder utilizing the void space as an air conditioning duct. Other types of composite construction are mentioned, including the timber-concrete slab bridge, a timber-steel composite truss utilizing high-strength bridge strand as the lower chord, a wood-steel open web joist which provides nailable chords, and light gage metal decking with a concrete slab. Experimental composite members, using an adhesive as the shear connector are illustrated. A brief history of composite construction is included.

Subject Headings: Composite construction | Construction methods | Composite beams | Construction materials | Composite materials | Concrete | Steel | Composite bridges

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