Transportation Energy Considerations

by Alexander French, Chf.; Highway Statistics Div., Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Washington, D.C.,

Serial Information: Transportation Engineering Journal of ASCE, 1976, Vol. 102, Issue 1, Pg. 27-45

Document Type: Journal Paper


Maximum transportation energy conservation potentials and means for avoiding extreme adverse impacts have been identified. Financing, particularly from fuel taxes, is of particular concern as a low-cost means for encouraging maximum fuel conservation with minimum increase in total travel costs. Over half of all petroleum is used for transportation and 40% for highway transportation. A projected 70% improvement in miles per gallon, trip consolidation, shifts to walk and bicycle, and shifts to transit, in that order, could cut highway fuel use in half, absorb more than a doubling of fuel price with no cost increase to the operator, and accommodate forecast increases in travel by 1985. A review of petroleum use, travel forecast, travel characteristics, vehicle miles per gallon, conservation methods, roadway improvements, highway financing, and vehicle operating costs shows how this is possible.

Subject Headings: Highways and roads | Financing | Petroleum | Energy consumption | Forecasting | Energy efficiency | Taxation | Benefit cost ratios

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