Cavitation Control by Aeration of High-Velocity Jets

by Glenn L. Beichley, Consulting Engr.; Formerly, Hydraulic Engr., U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, Colo.,
Danny L. King, (M.ASCE), Chf.; Hydraulics Branch, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, Colo.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1975, Vol. 101, Issue 7, Pg. 829-846

Document Type: Journal Paper


To prevent cavitation erosion, air may be introduced along the underside and sides of a jet before the jet comes in contact with downstream concrete surfaces. Model studies of chute offsets, air slots, and deflectors were conducted to determine methods to aerate the jet and provide recommendations for altering two existing structures and designing new structures. A single test facility was used to model existing structures at Palisades and Navajo Dams and proposed structures at Pueblo, Crystal, and Teton Dams. Wall air vent slots combined with a floor deflector were developed for use immediately downstream from the gate frames in the two existing structures. Wall and floor air vent offsets away from the flow at the end of the frame were developed for new structures. These investigations, supplemented by general tests, formed the basis for guidelines developed for design of future air-entraining devices to protect flow surfaces from cavitation erosion.

Subject Headings: Existing buildings | Cavitation | Aeration | Erosion | Rivers and streams | Structural models | Structural deflection | Dams

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