Aspects of Hydrological Effects of Urbanization

by William J. Schneider, (F.ASCE), Chairman and Chf.; U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C.,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1975, Vol. 101, Issue 5, Pg. 449-468

Document Type: Journal Paper


Urbanization both alters and complicates the natural hydrologic cycle. However, the effects are often not consistent, but depend on the nature and magnitude of the urban influence. The effects of urbanization on four aspects of the hydrologic cycle are examined: (1) Low flow; (2) total runoff; (3)infiltration; and (4) ground-water recharge. Both supporting data and a selected bibliography are provided. Inherent in the alteration of the hydrologic cycle by urbanization is the contamination by urban wastes, and the consequent pollution of the water resource.

Subject Headings: Hydrologic properties | Urban areas | Municipal water | Groundwater flow | Water resources | Low flow | Runoff | Groundwater pollution

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