Steady-State Estimation of Cooling Pond Performance

by Gerhard H. Jirka, (A.M.ASCE),
Masataka Watanabe,

Serial Information: Journal of the Hydraulics Division, 1980, Vol. 106, Issue 6, Pg. 1116-1123

Document Type: Journal Paper


This note gives steady-state formulae and diagrams for the intake temperature for three types of cooling ponds; deep stratified cooling pond, shallow dispersive cooling pond and shallow recirculating cooling pond. These relationships should be useful for the estimation and screening of cooling pond design alternatives.

Subject Headings: Steady states | Cooling (wastewater treatment) | Temperature effects | Ponds | Water stratification | Water circulation

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