Estimating Limiting Densities of Maine Sands

by Richard E. Wardwell,
William R. Gorrill,

Serial Information: Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, 1975, Vol. 101, Issue 9, Pg. 1013-1017

Document Type: Journal Paper


The procedure for determining the maximum and minimum densities of cohesionless soil [according to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard Method of Test for Relative Density of Cohesionless Soils, D-2049-69] involves a great deal of time, requires an expensive, specialized, and relatively large piece of testing equipment, and demands precision work by a skilled laboratory technician to achieve dependable and reproducible results. The results of this work provide a better understanding of the characteristics that determine the behavior of noncohesive soils. It presents the first step in developing preliminary equations for estimating the limiting densities of a soil mass (for use in calculating relative density or other density indices) without involved testing. It provides a method for extending laboratory and field test data to areas of similar soil conditions which have not been covered by maximum-minimum density testing.

Subject Headings: Cohesionless soils | Soil tests | Soil properties | Laboratory tests | Field tests | Density (material) | Sandy soils | Material tests | Maine | United States

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