American Society of Civil Engineers

Study of Pile Driving by Finite-Element Method

by Mounir E. Mabsout, (Asst. Prof., Dept. of Civ. Engrg., American Univ. of Beirut, Lebanon), Lymon C. Reese, Hon.M.ASCE, (Prof., Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX 78712-1076), and John L. Tassoulas, M.ASCE, (Prof., Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX)

Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 121, No. 7, July 1995, pp. 535-543, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: Results from the computational driving of a concrete pile below a prebored hole (referred to as a “prebored” pile for convenience) in an undrained, normally consolidated clayey soil are presented. The analysis uses a nonlinear, finite-element model that simulates the penetration of the pile into the soil. The response of the pile-soil system is examined at various preboring levels. A comparison between the responses of normally consolidated clays with various strengths is discussed. The influence of pile-soil friction and tip bearing on the response is also investigated. Emphasis is placed on the evolution of the state of stress in the soil and the development of pore-water pressure in the course of driving. Other computations are made for the case where the pile is driven some distance into undisturbed soil, referred to as a “driven” pile case for convenience. Finally, insight is gained into the difference in response between prebored and driven piles.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Finite element method
Pile driving
Pile foundations
Pore water
Soil-pile interactions
Water pressure