American Society of Civil Engineers


Design Rationale for Computer-Supported Conflict Mitigation


by Feniosky Peña-Mora, S.M.ASCE, (Res. Asst. and Ford Found. Predoctoral Fellow, Intelligent Engrg. Systems Lab., Dept. of Civ. and Envir. Engrg., Massachusetts Inst. of Technol., Cambridge, MA 02139), Duvvuru Sriram, A.M.ASCE, (Assoc. Prof., Intelligent Engrg. Systems Lab., Dept. of Civ. and Envir. Engrg., Massachusetts Inst. of Technol., Cambridge, MA), and Robert Logcher, F.ASCE, (Prof., Intelligent Engrg. Systems Lab., Dept. of Civ. and Envir. Engrg., Massachusetts Inst. of Technol., Cambridge, MA)

Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 1, January 1995, pp. 57-72, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3801(1995)9:1(57))

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Document type: Journal Paper
Discussion: by Yung-Ching Shen and et al.    (See full record)
Closure:(See full record)
Abstract: The development of large-scale engineering systems requires the collaboration of numerous specialists. Their decisions reflect their different perspectives of a project and these different perspectives typically lead to many conflicts. These conflicts, if not resolved early, create more expensive designs, delays in the design-construction process, and compromises in the final product. This paper presents research on the representation, use, and communication of design rationale for conflict mitigation in a collaborative environment. This research is based on the view that: (1) The designers’ perspectives are expressed in their design rationale; (2) a system for capturing the design rationale needs to represent and manage design intent evolution, aritfact evolution, and relationships between intents and between intent and artifact; (3) a design rationale system needs to capture its information in a nonintrusive manner by providing part of the design rationale; and (4) a system for conflict mitigation needs to provide active computer support for the negotiation between multiple participants. Based on these requirements, this paper proposes “Design Recommendation and Intent Model (DRIM) as an ontology for design rationale and SHARED-Design Recommendation and Intent Management System (SHARED-DRIMS)” as a system for conflict mitigation based on this ontology.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Computer applications
Conflict
Construction management
Design
Models
Negotiations