American Society of Civil Engineers


Tests of Fire-Resistant Bolts and Joints


by Y. Sakumoto, (Sr. Mgr., Nippon Steel Corp., 6-3, Otemachi 2-Chome Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-71, Japan), K. Keira, (Gen. Mgr., Nippon Steel Corp., 6-3, Otemachi 2-Chome Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-71, Japan), F. Furumura, (Prof., Res. Lab. of Engrg. Mat., Tokyo Inst. of Technol., 4259, Nagatsuda-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama City, 227, Japan), and T. Ave, (Assoc. Prof., Res. Lab. of Engrg. Mat., Tokyo Inst. of Technol., 4259, Nagatsuda-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama City, 227, Japan)

Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 119, No. 11, November 1993, pp. 3131-3150, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1993)119:11(3131))

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: This paper reports on the results of experimental studies on the high-temperature mechanical properties of high-strength fire-resistant (FR) bolts for fire-resistant steel (FR steel), and the shear strength of the friction joints using FR bolts at high temperatures. Since the FR bolts have been adopted for joints made of FR steels to be used at temperatures as high as 600°C, this study placed emphasis on the shear strength after slip occurs in addition to the conventional slip load. The results led to the following conclusions. The tensile strength of FR bolts at high temperatures is superior to that of conventional high-strength bolts. The slip load of the joints can be roughly estimated on the basis of the results of relaxation tests for bolt materials. The slip load of the joints using FR bolts decreases rapidly in temperatures over 400°C, and the shear strength is still greater than allowable shear force at temperatures up to 650°C.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Fire resistance
Bolts
Temperature effects
Steel
Shear strength
Joints