American Society of Civil Engineers

Friction Coefficient of Steel on Concrete or Grout

by B. G. Rabbat, M.ASCE, (Principal Engineer, Bridge Structures, Struct. Experimental Section, Construction Tech. Labs., Portland Cement Associate, Skokie, Ill.) and H. G. Russell, (Dir., Struct. Development Dept., Construction Tech. Labs., Portland Cement Assoc., Skokie, Ill.)

Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 111, No. 3, March 1985, pp. 505-515, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: An experimental investigation was conducted to determine the coefficient of static friction between rolled steel plate and cast-in-place concrete or grout. Fifteen tests were performed under conditions that represented the interior and exterior bearing surfaces of a containment vessel. Test parameters included concrete blocks or grout blocks, wet or dry interface, and level of normal compressive stress. For conditions tested, the average effective coefficient of static friction varied between 0.57 and 0.70. It is recommended that the coefficient of static friction for concrete cast on steel plate and grout cast below steel plate should be taken as 0.65 for a wet interface with normal compressive stress levels between 20 and 100 psi (0.14 and 0.69 MPa). For dry interface, the coefficient of static friction should be taken as 0.57.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Composite structures
Static tests
Containment vessels
Nuclear reactors