American Society of Civil Engineers

The 301(h) Waiver & the Clean Water Act in Southern California

by Tom Routson

pp. 3014-3025

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: Coastal Zone ’91
Abstract: Throughout the late 1970’s and 1980’s Los Angeles City and county governments fought the Clean Water Act from being implemented. An amendment to the Clean Water Act was used to delay full secondary treatment of sewage before the sanitation districts sent the effluent into our coastal waters. This amendment is known as the 301(h) waiver. This waiver is to be used when delaying such treatment will not narm tnhe local marine ecosystem. Waiver status was granted to the city of Los Angeles in 1981. By January 1991 the EPA had denied the city and county waiver status regarding the secondary treatment issue and the dumping of sewage sludge was halted. It was an example of how citizens who participate in the system can effect change.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Hazardous wastes
Clean Water Act
Water pollution
Water quality

Author Keywords:
Coastal Zones
Environmental Protection--Legislation - Marine Biology--Ecosystems - Sewage Sludge--Waste Disposal - Water Pollution--Water Quality
301(h) Waiver - Clean Water Act - Los Angeles, California - Secondary Treatment