American Society of Civil Engineers


Design of Cylindrical Concrete Water Tanks


by Harvey C. Olander, F.ASCE, (Retired; formerly Head, Canals and Bridges Sec., U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Denver, CO)

Journal of the Structural Division
, Vol. 96, No. 5, May 1970, pp. 947-973

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: A comprehensive procedure is presented for design of cylindrical concrete water tanks based on the theory of beams on elastic foundations. Temperature stresses are given careful consideration including variation of temperature through the tank wall. Analysis shows that there is considerable variation of temperature stresses over the tank. Hydrostatic and earthquake forces are also covered. Wind stresses that relate to tanks with varying height to diameter ratios are analyzed and design procedures are given. Charts are provided to facilitate solutions by desk calculator; these cover temperature stresses and varying types of end restraints to tank walls. Sample design calculations for a storage tank on spread footing are included.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Beams
Earthquakes
Foundations
Structural engineering
Water tanks
Water temperature
Wind