American Society of Civil Engineers


Flocculent Settling Above the Zone Settling Interface


by Michael R. Palermo, M.ASCE, (Res. Civ. Engr., Waterways Experiment Station, U.S. Army Corps of Engrs., Vicksburg, MS) and Edward L. Thackston, F.ASCE, (Prof. and Chmn., Dept. of Civ. and Envir. Engrg., Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN 37235)

Journal of Environmental Engineering, Vol. 114, No. 4, July/August 1988, pp. 770-783, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(1988)114:4(770))

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: Column settling test procedures are used in designing confined dredged material disposal areas for effective sedimentation and initial storage of solids. The results of a study in which the test procedures were refined to allow a prediction of the effluent suspended solids concentration for conditions normally found in the disposal of saltwater sediments are presented. For this case, the dredged material normally settles as a slurry by zone settling, forming a clarified supernatant in the disposal area. The study determined the settling behavior of the fine particles initially remaining in the supernatant and developed procedures for predicting the effluent concentration as a function of retention time and other pertinent operating conditions. The ability to make such predictions is essential to the estimation of total release of contaminants in the effluent from confined disposal sites.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Dredging
Flocculation
Sediment
Suspended solids