American Society of Civil Engineers


Assessment of Safety Performance Measures at Construction Sites


by Alexander Laufer, M.ASCE, (Head, Dept. of Construction Management, Building Research Station, Technion IIT, Haifa 32000, Israel) and William B. Ledbetter, F.ASCE, (Prof., Civ. Engrg., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX 77843-3136)

Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 112, No. 4, December 1986, pp. 530-542, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(1986)112:4(530))

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: Various methods for the measurement and classification of safety performance at construction sites, e.g., timing relative to the moment of accident, data collection method, safety effectiveness criterion, performance measure, and frequency and severity of the measured event, are analyzed. The effectiveness of the various methods and the extent of their use at construction sites are examined. Attributes which are investigated include efficiency, reliability and validity and diagnostic capacity of the measure in order to identify the cause for success or failure, respectively, of the safety program at a site. The data for the study were collected through questionnaires which were addressed to the largest construction companies in the United States. The most effective and the most widely employed measurement methods were lost-day cases, doctor’s cases, and cost of accidents. The least effective and most limited in use were the no-injury cases.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Construction sites
Safety