American Society of Civil Engineers

Pseudo-Dynamic Testing of Structures

by Haluk M. Aktan, A.M.ASCE, (Assoc. Prof. of Civ. Engrg., Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI 48202)

Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 112, No. 2, February 1986, pp. 183-197, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: An experimental procedure is developed for the testing of full- or large-scale structures under simulated seismic deformations in a quasi-static fashion. The procedure, pseudo-dynamic testing, is based on active modal control theory. The pseudo-dynamic testing procedure is a simultaneous simulation and control process in which inertia and damping properties are simulated and stiffness properties are acquired from the structure. The procedure calculates a set of dynamic displacements based on active control theory, utilizing the simulated inertia and damping properties and acquired stiffness properties under a hypothetical ground motion, and simulates the response of the structure under seismic motion in a quasi-static fashion. A detailed implementation procedure is presented for structures that can be modeled as discrete mass systems. The application of the procedure is simulated on the 1/5-scale model of the U.S.-Japan seven-story reinforced concrete frame wall structure.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Full-scale tests
Seismic effects
Active control