American Society of Civil Engineers

Evaluation of Shape Effects for Rectangular Anchors in Dense Sand: Model Tests and 3D Finite-Element Analysis

by Md. Rokonuzzaman, (corresponding author), (Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Khulna Univ. of Engineering & Technology, Khulna 9203, Bangladesh. E-mail: and Toshinori Sakai, (Professor, Dept. of Environmental Science and Technology, Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie Univ., 1577 Kurimamachiya, Tsu, Mie 514-6507, Japan. E-mail:

International Journal of Geomechanics, Vol. 12, No. 2, March/April 2012, pp. 176-181, (doi:

     Access full text
     Purchase Subscription
     Permissions for Reuse  

Document type: Technical Note
Abstract: In this study, three-dimensional finite element models, incorporating an elastoplastic material model coupled with isotropic simple softening law, nonassociated flow rule, and shear-band effect, are validated for the evaluation of the shape effect of the square and rectangular vertically uploaded anchor foundations embedded in dense Toyoura sand with embedment ratio of 2 and width of 50 mm. The proposed numerical model has closely predicted experimental uplift load-displacement relationships. The shape effects on the results are also discussed in relation to the progressive failure around the foundations and the shape of the failure boundaries on the ground surface.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Finite element method
Sand (soil type)
Model tests

Author Keywords:
Finite-element analysis
Model tests
Rectangular anchor
Shape effect
Toyoura sand