American Society of Civil Engineers

Numerical Investigation into Headed Shear Connectors under Fire

by Aaron J. Wang, M.ASCE, (Structural Manager, Corporate Technical Management, CapitaLand Management (China), Shanghai, China. E-mail:

Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 138, No. 1, January 2012, pp. 118-122, (doi:

     Access full text
     Purchase Subscription
     Permissions for Reuse  

Document type: Technical Note
Abstract: Three-dimensional thermal and mechanical coupled finite-element models are proposed to study the structural behaviors of shear connectors under fire. Thermal, mechanical, and geometrical nonlinearities are incorporated into the models. With the proper incorporation of thermal and mechanical contacts among steel beams, shear connectors, steel deckings, and concrete slabs, both models are verified as accurate after the validation against a series of push-out tests at room temperature or under standard fire. Various thermal and mechanical responses are also extracted and observed in detail from the results of the numerical analyses, which give a better understanding of the structural behavior of headed shear connectors under fire.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Finite element method
Thermal analysis

Author Keywords:
Shear connector
Structural fire engineering
Finite-element model
Thermal analysis
Concrete cracking