American Society of Civil Engineers


Combined Effects of Saltwater and Water Flow on Deterioration of Concrete under Freeze–Thaw Cycles


by Behnam Amini, (corresponding author), (Assistant Professor, International Univ. of Imam Khomeini (IKIU), Qazvin, Iran. E-mail: bamini@ikiu.ac.ir) and Saleh Sharif Tehrani, (Graduate Research Assistant, International Univ. of Imam Khomeini (IKIU), Qazvin, Iran. E-mail: saleh.tehrani@gmail.com)

Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 4, December 2011, pp. 145-161, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CR.1943-5495.0000029)

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: This article outlines the combined effects of saltwater and water flow on deterioration of concrete under freezing and thawing cycles. In order to simulate the real freezing situation that concrete usually undergoes, four sets of experimental exposure conditions were designed. These exposure conditions include plain flowing water, flowing saltwater, still plain water, and still saltwater. Two types of concrete samples with different water–cement ratios were prepared. Weight and compressive strength of the samples were measured before and after the freeze–thaw cycles, and the results were analyzed. Based on the results, quantitative damage models were developed to predict mass loss and compressive strength loss. The results showed that water flow accelerates the deterioration of concrete and that the combined effects of saltwater and water flow are more severe and cause rapid deterioration.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Salt water intrusion
Concrete
Deterioration
Freeze and thaw
Water flow

Author Keywords:
Concrete
Deterioration
Freeze and thaw
Water flow
Saltwater