American Society of Civil Engineers


Compatibility of Reservoir Sediment Flushing and River Protection


by Francesco Gallerano, (corresponding author), (Full Professor, Dept. of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza Univ. of Rome, Via Eudossiana 18, 00184 Rome, Italy. E-mail: francesco.gallerano@uniroma1.it) and Giovanni Cannata, (Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza Univ. of Rome, Via Eudossiana 18, 00184 Rome, Italy. E-mail: giovanni.cannata@uniroma1.it)

Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 137, No. 10, October 2011, pp. 1111-1125, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000419)

     Access full text
     Purchase Subscription
     Permissions for Reuse  

Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a system of numerical models for the compatibility assessment of reservoir sediment flushing and protection of downstream river environments. The model system is made up of two simulation models. The first model simulates soil erosion in watershed slopes and sediment transport in the tributary of the reservoir by means of a weighted essentially nonoscillatory (WENO) method, which is conservative and fourth-order accurate in space and time. The second model simulates velocity and suspended solid concentration fields in the reservoirs. This model is based on the three-dimensional (3D) numerical integration of motion and concentration equations, expressed in contravariant form on a generalized boundary-conforming curvilinear coordinate system by using a conservative and higher-order accurate numerical scheme. The proposed system of models is applied to the Pieve di Cadore (Veneto, Italy) reservoir and to its catchment area. By comparing suspended solid concentrations that are discharged through the bottom outlets during flushing operations with suspended solid concentrations in the main river during natural flooding, we perform an assessment of the compatibility between sediment flushing and the protection of the river ecosystem downstream.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Reservoirs
Sediment
Environmental issues
Rivers and streams

Author Keywords:
Reservoir
Sediment flushing
Environmental impact
Central weighted essentially nonoscillatory (WENO) scheme
Contravariant formulation