American Society of Civil Engineers


Water Point Mapping for the Analysis of Rural Water Supply Plans: Case Study from Tanzania


by A. Jiménez, (corresponding author), (Researcher, Research Group on Development Cooperation and Human Development (GRECDH), Universidad Politécnica de Catalunya (UPC); and Water and Sanitation Coordinator, Ingeniería Sin Fronteras-ApD, C/Cristóbal Bordiú, 19-21.4o D., 28006 Madrid, Spain E-mail: alejandrojfp@gmail.com) and A. Pérez-Foguet, (Professor, Universidad Politécnica de Catalunya (UPC); and Senior Researcher, Research Group on Development Cooperation and Human Development (GRECDH), C/ Jordi Girona 1-3, C2-206, ETSECCPB, MA3 Department, Campus Nord UPC, 08034 Barcelona, Spain. E-mail: agusti.perez@upc.edu)

Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 137, No. 5, September/October 2011, pp. 439-447, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000135)

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: In Tanzania, like in many other countries in the Sub-Saharan region, the government is implementing an ambitious rural water supply and sanitation plan (RWSSP) to increase access to water from 53% in 2005 to 90% by 2025. This paper exploits water point mapping (WPM) data to evaluate the principles underlying the design of this program and reveals some challenges for the rapid increase of access to water. The data set of water points analyzed accounts for 15% of the country’s total rural population. The results show that the inaccuracy of the baseline used for the program design, difficulties faced by underserved districts in keeping the water points functional, and the differences between the expected and real long-term functionality of the water points, especially for hand pumps, are the primary threats to the achievement of the targets. It is suggested that more effort be put into capacity building, particularly the supervision of construction, and the support of community-owned management during the first years of operation.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Water supply
Planning
Rural areas
Tanzania
Mapping
Africa
Sustainable development
Case studies

Author Keywords:
Planning
Water supply
Sustainability
Water point mapping
Rural areas
Africa
Tanzania