American Society of Civil Engineers

Dynamic Shear Response of a Geomembrane/Geosynthetic Clay Liner Interface

by Jason D. Ross, A.M.ASCE, (BBC&M Engineering Inc., 6190 Enterprise Ct., Dublin, OH 43016. E-mail:, Patrick J. Fox, P.E., M.ASCE, (Department of Structural Engineering, University of California-San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0085. E-mail:, and James T. Olsta, P.E., M.ASCE, (CETCO, 2780 Forbs Ave., Hoffman Estates, IL 60192. E-mail:
Section: Geosynthetics, pp. 2010-2020, (doi:

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: Geo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering
Abstract: A series of large-scale dynamic direct shear tests were performed to measure the interface shear strength between a textured geomembrane (GMX) and a needle-punched geosynthetic clay liner (NP GCL) under cyclic loading. The study was conducted for large ranges of shearing normal stress (σn,s= 13 to 2071 kPa) and cyclic displacement amplitude (Δa = 2 to 30 mm). The experimental data indicate that the failure mode of a GMX/NP GCL specimen depends on both σn,s and Δa. All tests conducted at low to moderate normal stress levels (σn,s ≤ 692 kPa) produced interface failures. Partial to complete internal failures were observed for some tests at low Δa and high σn,s. Interface failures still occurred for the largest displacement amplitude (Δa = 30 mm) at all normal stress levels. In general, the testing program has indicated a more complex interrelationship among failure mode, normal stress level and shear displacement rate than has been previously considered for these materials.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Clay liners