American Society of Civil Engineers

Robust Optimization of the Water System in Amman, Jordan

by P. A. Ray, (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Tufts University, 200 College Avenue, Medford, MA 02155 E-mail: and P. H. Kirshen, (Battelle, One Cranberry Hill, 750 Marrett Road, Lexington, MA 02421 E-mail:
Section: Planning and Management Council, pp. 2734-2743, (doi:

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change
Abstract: Data presented in the authors’ presentation on the Greater Amman Area’s (GAA’s) water resources are input to a mathematical program — a robust optimization model — of the GAA’ s water system. Given the water demanded by each sector in the GAA, water availability from each source (conventional and alternative), wastewater treatment capacity, and the unit costs to supply water and dispose of wastewater, the optimization model minimizes the cost of water system development and operation through a range of potential future scenarios. Future scenarios incorporate projections of the effects on the GAA of climate change, economic development, demographic movement, and continuous vs. intermittent supply paradigms.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Water distribution systems
Middle East