American Society of Civil Engineers

Full Torsional Behavior of RC Beams Wrapped with FRP: Analytical Model

by A. Deifalla, (Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, The Higher Institute of Engineering, El Shorouk Academy, El Shorouk City P. B. 3, Egypt. E-mail: and A. Ghobarah, (Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, McMaster Univ., Hamilton ON, Canada L8S 4L7)

Journal of Composites for Construction, Vol. 14, No. 3, May/June 2010, pp. 289-300, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: Torsion failure is an undesirable brittle form of failure. Although previous experimental studies have shown that using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets for torsion strengthening of reinforced concrete (RC) beams is an effective solution in many situations, very few analytical models are available for predicting the section capacity. None of these models predicted the full behavior of RC beams wrapped with FRP, account for the fact that the FRP is not bonded to all beam faces, or predicted the ultimate FRP strain using equations developed based on testing FRP strengthened beams in torsion. In this paper, an analytical model was developed for the case of the RC beams strengthened in torsion. The model is based on the basics of the modified compression field theory, the hollow tube analogy, and the compatibility at the corner of the cross section. Several modifications were implemented to be able to take into account the effect of various parameters including various strengthening schemes where the FRP is not bonded to all beam faces, FRP contribution, and different failure modes. The model showed good agreement with the experimental results. The model predicted the strength more accurately than a previous model, which will be discussed later. The model predicted the FRP strain and the failure mode.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Fiber reinforced polymer
Concrete beams

Author Keywords: