American Society of Civil Engineers


Advancing Performance Based Design through Full-Scale Simulation of Wind, Water, and Structural Interaction


by F. J. Masters, (Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Coastal Engineering, University of Florida, Weil Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611 E-mail: masters@ce.ufl.edu), K. R. Gurley, (Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Coastal Engineering, University of Florida, Weil Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611 E-mail: kgurl@ce.ufl.edu), and D. O. Prevatt, (Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Coastal Engineering, University of Florida, Weil Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611 E-mail: dprev@ce.ufl.edu)
Section: Extreme Loads and Educational Reform, pp. 2392-2404, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/41130(369)217)

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: Structures Congress 2010
Abstract: This paper provides an overview of the research programs within the Department of Civil and Coastal Engineering at the University of Florida (UF) that focus on characterizing and mitigating the effects of hurricanes on the built infrastructure. The UF wind hazard research group specializes in "full-scale" hurricane research, i.e conducting experiments at landfall to quantify loads and damage mechanisms as well as recreating the damaging nature of hurricane winds and wind-driven rain at sufficient scale to test actual building systems. These programs include the Florida Coastal Monitoring Program, which collects weather data during hurricane landfall to guide post-damage assessments. A critical component of this program includes the collection of wind pressures on residential housing. Researchers are also conducting destructive experiments on formerly occupied homes provided by the State of Florida to learn how actual buildings respond to hurricane wind loads. Computer-based numerical simulation complements this research. UF is developing numerical techniques to simulate fluctuating loads on low-rise structures. Finally, researchers have undertaken several projects to evaluate the structural and water penetration resistance of building components using full-scale testing apparatuses built at UF. The centerpieces of this research are a portable 2800 hp Hurricane Simulator, which can recreate Category 3 wind loads on residential construction, and several dynamic pressure loading actuation systems based on the Three Little Pigs project at the University of Western Ontario (UWO).


ASCE Subject Headings:
Full-scale tests
Simulation
Hurricanes