American Society of Civil Engineers


Mobile Ad Hoc Network-Enabled Collaboration Framework Supporting Civil Engineering Emergency Response Operations


by Feniosky Peña-Mora, (Dean of The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science and Morris A. and Alma Schapiro Professor of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Earth and Environmental Engineering, and Computer Science, Columbia Univ., 510 S. W. Mudd Bldg., 500 W. 120th St., New York, NY 10027. E-mail: feniosky@columbia.edu), Albert Y. Chen, Ph.D., (corresponding author), (Student, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 205 N. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801 E-mail: aychen2@uiuc.edu), Zeeshan Aziz, (Lecturer, School of Built Environment, Univ. of Salford, The Crescent, Salford, Greater Manchester, UK M5 4WT. E-mail: z.aziz@salford.ac.uk), Lucio Soibelman, (Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon Univ., 118 N. Porter Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. E-mail: lucio@andrew.cmu.edu), Liang Y. Liu, (Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 205 N. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801. E-mail: lliu1@uiuc.edu), Khaled El-Rayes, (Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 205 N. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801. E-mail: elrayes@uiuc.edu), Carlos A. Arboleda, (Visiting Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 205 N. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801. E-mail: carboled@uiuc.edu), Timothy S. Lantz, Jr., (Student, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801. E-mail: tlantz@uiuc.edu), Albert P. Plans, (Graduate student, Dept. of Project Engineering, Univ. Politècnica de Catalunya–ETSEIAT, Barcelona 8034, Spain. E-mail: albert.plans@upc.edu), Sanyogita Lakhera, (Advanced Technology Associate, Citi Financial, Wall St., New York, NY 10005. E-mail: sanyogita.lakhera@citi.com), and Shobhit Mathur, (Master Student, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 205 N. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801. E-mail: smathur3@uiuc.edu)

Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, Vol. 24, No. 3, May/June 2010, pp. 302-312, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CP.1943-5487.0000033)

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: This paper presents an information-technology-based collaboration framework that facilitates disaster response operations. The collaboration framework incorporates a web collaboration service, radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, a building blackbox system (BBS), a geo-database, and a geographic information system (GIS). Through the integration of these technologies, the framework provides a collaboration medium for first responders, including civil engineers, to cohesively respond to disasters. Access to critical building information, such as construction documents, through the BBS supports assessments of building integrity during disaster response. Building assessment information is stored on RFID tags, which are accessible to first responders through digital devices via a wireless ad hoc network. With on-site assessment information shown on a digital map, decision makers locate, collect, and distribute critical resources through the GIS to first responders. In addition, the decision makers at distributed locations evaluate the incident through discussion sessions, hosted by the web collaboration environment, for integrated decision making. Test-bed simulations for the framework have been carried out with encouraging results at the training ground of the Illinois Fire Service Institute.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Assessment
Computer networks
Damage
Disasters
Emergency management
Geographic information systems
Information management
Information systems

Author Keywords:
Disasters
Emergency services
Damage assessment
Information systems
Information management
Ad hoc networks
Geographic information systems