American Society of Civil Engineers


Rainwater Harvesting: Policies, Programs, and Practices for Water Supply Sustainability


by Allison Gold, (American University, 4400 Massachusetts Ave, NW Washington, DC 20016 E-mail: alli.gold@american.edu), Robert Goo, (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, D.C. 20460; E-mail: goo.robert@epa.gov), Lisa Hair, (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, D.C. 20460; E-mail: hair.lisa@epa.gov), and Nancy Arazan, (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, D.C. 20460; E-mail: arazan.nancy@epa.gov)
Section: LID and Sustainability, pp. 987-1002, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/41099(367)86)

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: Low Impact Development 2010: Redefining Water in the City
Abstract: Rainwater harvesting has the potential to supplement water supplies, manage stormwater and help mitigate combined sewer overflows (CSOs), decrease water withdrawals, reduce energy consumption and thereby reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper contains an analysis of the policies, programs, incentives, rules, regulations, impediments, and other voluntary and regulatory mechanisms that promote or require rainwater harvesting throughout the country at the municipal, state, and national levels. The paper also contains a summary of the benefits of rainwater harvesting. A section on programmatic tools that facilitate the assessment and evaluation of the municipal, state, and national policies also is included to provide insight into trends, future developments, and research gaps regarding the harvest and use of rainwater and snow melt.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Rainfall
Water supply
Sustainable development
Stormwater management