American Society of Civil Engineers

Emergent Themes of Instruments Used to Measure Safety Climate in Construction

by Somik Ghosh, Ph.D., (Student, Virginia Tech, 410 Bishop Favrao Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061. E-mail:, Deborah Young-Corbett, (Assistant Professor, Virginia Tech, 310 B Bishop Favrao Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061. E-mail:, and Christine M. Fiori, (Dir. of Professional and Academic Outreach; Virginia Tech, 330B Bishop-Favrao Hall, Blacksburg, VA 24061. E-mail:
Section: Productivity, Benchmarking, and Workforce Issues, pp. 1010-1019, (doi:

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: Construction Research Congress 2010: Innovation for Reshaping Construction Practice
Abstract: Each year, occupational injuries in the construction industry disable many workers and accounts for the lives of others. The commonly used indicators to measure construction safety are reactive, or lagging. On the other hand, predictive indicators such as measures of safety climate reduce the need to wait for incident to occur. Safety climate, referred to as the people’s perception of the value of safety in the work environment, has been measured in various industries including construction. This paper has reviewed 15 such surveys to find the emergent themes of the instruments used in construction industry. Using content analysis and constant comparison analysis to analyze the data, the authors examined the survey instruments to identify key terms that reflect the main safety climate themes. While this study is no way exhaustive, analysis on the thematic basis of the survey questionnaires suggest that common themes relate to implication of safety rules and attitude of the management.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Construction management
Emergency management