American Society of Civil Engineers

Application of Single Pass Tunnel Lining with Steel Fibre Reinforced Shotcrete on the Ventilation Shaft of Mount Motian Tunnel

by L. J. Su, (School of Civil Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture & Technology, Xi’an Shaanxi 710055, PRC. E-mail:, X. K. Xing, (Civil Engineering Department, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, PRC), Z. P. Song, (School of Civil Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture & Technology, Xi’an 710055, PRC), H. J. Liao, (Department of Civil Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an Shaanxi 710049, PRC. E-mail:, and S. Y. Wang, (Centre for Geotechnical and Materials Modelling, Civil, Surveying and Environmental Engineering, the University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia)
Section: Tunneling and Underground Construction, pp. 170-175, (doi:

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: Deep and Underground Excavations
Abstract: The ventilation shaft of Mount Motian tunnel is an inclined shaft with a dip angle of 24°21’48". Investigations were conducted to evaluate the feasibility of applying single pass tunnel lining (SPTL) of steel fibre reinforced shotcrete (SFRS) to the ventilation shaft as a permanent lining. Concrete mix ratio tests were carried out to find out a proper mix ratio under which the optimum strength and degree of slump can be achieved. Tests were performed on specimens cut from sprayed shotcrete samples for flexural and cleavage tensile strength of the shotcrete. Results of the tests showed that the inclusion of steel fibre largely increased the flexural and tensile behaviour of the shotcrete. The shaft is in construction now and the performance of the completed sections is good.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Fiber reinforced materials