American Society of Civil Engineers


Cost Analysis Models for Optimal Frequency of Bus Rapid Transit


by Fangqiang Lu, (School of Transportation, Southeast University, Si Pai Lou 2#, Nanjing, China, 210096 E-mail: lufangqiang@seu.edu.cn) and Xuewu Chen, (School of Transportation, Southeast University, Si Pai Lou 2#, Nanjing, China, 210096 E-mail: chenxuewu@seu.edu.cn)

pp. 2413-2418, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/41039(345)399)

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: International Conference on Transportation Engineering 2009
Abstract: Cost analysis models of public transport aimed at maximizing social benefits or minimizing total costs, considering both users and operators. To investigate optimal frequency of bus rapid transit (BRT), cost analysis models were established based on the demand data which is described in detail as a matrix of flows between every stops of BRT in a single line service. The optimal conditions for the frequency were established. Taking BRT lines 1 of Changzhou as an example, this paper examined the effect of this method on the optimal values of frequency and provided the suggested values of the frequency. Sensitivity analysis of users’ cost and operators’ cost were investigated respectively. The theoretical analysis and the example suggest that the cost analysis models in this paper can be used to obtain optimal frequency properly.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Costs
Buses
Rapid transit systems