American Society of Civil Engineers

Geosynthetical Materials in Designs of Highways in Cold Regions of Far East

by S. A. Kudryavtsev, (Far Eastern State Transport University, Khabarovsk, Russia), T. Y. Valtseva, (Far Eastern State Transport University, Khabarovsk, Russia), E. D. Goncharova, (Far Eastern State Transport University, Khabarovsk, Russia), R. G. Mikhailin, (Far Eastern State Transport University, Khabarovsk, Russia), and Y. B. Berestyanyy, (DV-Geosynthetika Ltd., scientific and experimental enterprise, Khabarovsk, Russia)
Section: Roads, pp. 546-550, (doi:

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: Cold Regions Engineering 2009: Cold Regions Impacts on Research, Design, and Construction
Abstract: The results of scientific researches and engineering calculations of rational structures parameters of highways are presented in the paper. All the calculations and researches done were carried out relatively to a highway section in the Russian Far East. This road is being built in severe climatic and complex engineering and geological conditions. This is the area of permafrost occurrences and widely spread deep season freezing. The usage of a geosynthetic integral two-axis gird in the structure allows to lessen considerably the volume of expensive hard mineral volcanic filling of high quality. Numeric modeling of the structure behavior was done using a programming geotechnical complex, an "FEM model". This allowed to give a quantitative and qualitative assessment of freezing and thawing processes in conditions of annual cycle construction. Effective measures to provide operational reliability for the rational engineering solutions for highways in Northern territories of the Russian Far East were worked out on the basis of the achieved results.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Construction materials
Cold regions
Frozen soils
Russia (after 1991)
Freeze and thaw