American Society of Civil Engineers


3D Numerical Modeling of John Day Lock Tainter Valves


by E. Allen Hammack, (Mechanical Engineer, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, 3909 Halls Ferry Rd., Vicksburg, MS 39180-6199 E-mail: Allen.Hammack@usace.army.mil) and Richard L. Stockstill, (Research Hydraulic Engineer, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Research and Development Center, Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, 3909 Halls Ferry Rd., Vicksburg, MS)

pp. 2728-2737, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/41036(342)277)

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009: Great Rivers
Abstract: The reverse tainter valves in the culverts at John Day Lock have been failing structurally for the life of the project. Recently, district engineers have decided to redesign these tainter valves to reduce or eliminate cracking and other structural issues. In order to complete this redesign, three-dimensional (3D) simulations were conducted of the flows experienced through the culverts for several valve openings seen during a lock operation. These 3D simulations were performed with the 3D Navier-Stokes module of the numerical code Adaptive Hydraulics (ADH) (http://adh.usace.army.mil/) developed by the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory (CHL). This code models the complex 3D flows around hydraulic structures using adaptive meshing techniques on unstructured meshes. The flow variables, pressure and velocity, calculated at each node lying on the surface of the valve were exported for use as boundary conditions for a 3D structural model of the tainter valve.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Three-dimensional models
Numerical models
Columbia River
Locks