American Society of Civil Engineers

Consolidation of Soft Clay Foundations Reinforced by Stone Columns under Time-Dependent Loadings

by Guocai Wang, (Associate Professor, School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang Univ. of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China. E-mail:

Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 135, No. 12, December 2009, pp. 1922-1931, (doi:

     Access full text
     Purchase Subscription
     Permissions for Reuse  

Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: This paper presents an analytical solution for the consolidation of soft soil foundations reinforced by stone columns under time-dependent loadings. The differential equations of the foundations reinforced by stone columns are obtained including smear and well resistance under arbitrary applied loadings. The closed-form solutions of pore pressure and the overall average degree of consolidations are obtained for some common types of loadings, such as step loading, ramp loading, and cyclic trapezoidal loading. By solving the equations using a semianalytical method, the comparisons agree very well with the existing analytical solutions, which verify the correctness and accuracy of the proposed methods. Using the solutions obtained, some selected charts are presented and the relevant consolidation behavior is investigated and discussed.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Stone columns
Soil consolidation
Soft soils
Time dependence
Load factors