American Society of Civil Engineers

Bentonite Sealing Methods Compared in the Field

by Myron B. Rollins, (Soil Sci., Bur. of Land Mgmt., USDI Prineville, OR; Agric. Res. Service, Soil and Water Conservation Res. Div., USDA, Reno, NV) and Anthony S. Dylla, (Agric. Engr., USDA, Agric. Res. Service, Soil and Water Conservation Res. Div., Reno, NV)

Journal of the Irrigation and Drainage Division
, Vol. 96, No. 2, June 1970, pp. 193-203

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Document type: Journal Paper
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Abstract: Two field studies were designed to test methods of sealing with bentonite. Twelve small reservoirs were constructed at each site. Utah bentonite was installed as the following types of seals: (1) waterborne-harrowed, (2) waterborne-over-a-gravel surface, (3) surface blanket, (4) buried blanket, and (5) buried membrane. The waterborne-harrowed seals were short lived. The waterborne seals on reservoirs with graveled surfaces were effective only slightly longer, becoming ineffective after the third season. The 4-in. surface blanket seals were more durable, their effectiveness lasting about five seasons. The buried blanket and buried membrane seals proved to be the best, retaining 60% effectiveness 6 yrs. after installation. Seal costs varied from $0.20 to $1.30 per sq yd of soil surface. These costs are comparable with other methods of sealing, such as plastics.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Field tests
Sand filters