American Society of Civil Engineers


Nuclear Energy and the Management of High-Level Radioactive Waste in Japan


by M. Zhang, (corresponding author), (Senior Research Scientist, Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Onogawa 16-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8569, Japan E-mail: m.zhang@aist.go.jp), M. Takeda, (Research Scientist, Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan.), H. Nakajima, (Chief, Dept. of Research Division, 1st Research Promotion Division, Office of Basic Research, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Sanbancho Bldg. 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075, Japan.), M. Sasada, (Councilor, Geoinformation Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan.), K. Tsukimura, (Senior Research Scientist, Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan.), and Y. Watanabe, (Deputy Director, Geoinformation Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan.)

Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 11, November 2009, pp. 1208-1213, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0699(2009)14:11(1208))

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: The safe disposal of radioactive nuclear waste is currently an urgent and challenging issue. Many countries, including the United States, Sweden, Switzerland, Finland, Germany, Canada, Belgium, France, and Japan, have initiated radioactive waste management programs, which now have reached various stages. Experiences and research results obtained in one country may offer valuable references for another, especially for some developing countries where nuclear power is being used and/or is under development. In this paper, we comprehensively overview the history of nuclear energy, the generation of high-level radioactive waste (HLW), and the policies and recent progress made in relation to the management of HLW in Japan.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Nuclear power
Japan
Policies
Radioactive materials
Waste management