American Society of Civil Engineers

Behavior of Reinforced and Posttensioned Concrete Members with a UHPFRC Overlay under Impact Loading

by Katrin Habel, (Bridge Engr., AECOM, 17007 107 Ave., Edmonton AB, Canada T5S 1G3; formerly, Postdoctoral Fellow, Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of Toronto, 35 St. George St., Toronto ON, Canada) and Paul Gauvreau, (Assoc. Prof., Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Univ. of Toronto, 35 St.George St., Toronto ON, Canada M5S 1A4)

Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 135, No. 3, March 2009, pp. 292-300, (doi:

     Access full text
     Purchase Subscription
     Permissions for Reuse  

Document type: Journal Paper
Section Heading: Dynamic Effects
Abstract: The impact response of reinforced and posttensioned concrete members with ultrahigh-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) overlay was studied. This paper presents the results of nine drop weight slab strip tests. Major parameters for the tests were the reinforcement configuration of the concrete substrate, the addition of reinforcing bars in the UHPFRC layer, and the static system. Two reinforced and posttensioned concrete slabs were tested for reference. Five slab strips were tested under static loading conditions for comparison. A three-point bending and a cantilever system were used in the drop weight tests to induce flexural compression or tension in the upper UHPFRC layer. The addition of a UHPFRC overlay improved the structural response: no crushing or spalling occurred in the UHPFRC at the impact location. The UHPFRC had a load distributing function, which led to reduced crack widths in the substrate and lower member deflections.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Composite materials
Impact tests
Dynamic response
Flexural strength