American Society of Civil Engineers


Resilience Engineering: A New Approach for Safety Management


by D. Schafer, (Ph.D. Candidate, 401H Human Ecology, Construction Management Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1323 E-mail: schaf123@msu.edu), T. S. Abdelhamid, (Associate Professor, 214 Human Ecology, Construction Management Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1323 E-mail: tariq@msu.edu), P. Mitropoulos, (Assistant Professor, Del E. Webb School of Construction, P.O. Box 870204, Tempe, AZ 85287. Arizona State University E-mail: takism@asu.edu), and T. Mrozowski, (Professor, 102B Human Ecology, Construction Management Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1323 E-mail: mrozowsk@egr.msu.edu)
Section: Project Risks and Safety, pp. 766-775, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/41020(339)78)

     Access full text
     Purchase Subscription
     Permissions for Reuse  

Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: Construction Research Congress 2009: Building a Sustainable Future
Abstract: This exploratory paper proposes a resilient engineering approach to construction safety that departs from traditional views. Accidents are commonly viewed as a linear combination of causes and risks are viewed as arising from unreliable system components such as operators and technology. Traditional risk assessment views model system safety mainly in terms of linear structures that are by nature reactive and based on hindsight. Additionally, current safety models tend to ignore the demands imposed upon projects such as production pressures and tempo changes in work flow. To remedy the shortfalls of construction safety mentioned above resilience engineering is presented as a new and proactive outlook on construction safety management. In this paper the genesis of the resilience engineering concept is examined and resilience engineering is posed as an exemplar for construction safety. An existing model that supports resilience engineering principles, the Functional Resonance Accident Model (FRAM), is examined in a construction scenario.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Safety
Construction management