American Society of Civil Engineers

Investigation of Effects of Nonlinear Static Analysis Procedures to Performance Evaluation on Low-Rise RC Buildings

by Erdal Irtem, Ph.D., (Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Balikesir Univ., Balikesir 10145, Turkey. E-mail: and Umut Hasgul, (corresponding author), (Research Assistant, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Balikesir Univ., Balikesir 10145, Turkey E-mail:

Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Vol. 23, No. 6, November/December 2009, pp. 456-466, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: The aim of the study is to compare and evaluate structural response demands obtained from nonlinear static analysis procedures (NSPs) which are displacement coefficient method (DCM) recommended in FEMA 356 and capacity spectrum method (CSM) recommended in ATC 40. For these reasons, three of three-dimensional low-rise RC buildings with different characteristics are investigated. In order to determine nonlinear behavior of the buildings under lateral loads, the base shear-roof displacement relationships (capacity curves) are obtained by pushover analysis including P-delta effects. Then by considering four different seismic hazard levels, building performances are determined by using the CSM and by using from DCM results determined in a previous study. In order to determine performance levels of the buildings, maximum beam and column plastic rotation demands and maximum story drift demands are determined in the related maximum displacement demands. Plastic strains in the equivalent diagonal struts, representing the nonstructural infill walls, are also determined, similarly. Comparing structural response quantities (such as plastic rotations, story drifts, etc.) obtained from the NSPs for considered low-rise RC buildings, effects of different NSPs in performance evaluations of the buildings are investigated comparatively, as well.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Concrete structures
Earthquake engineering
Low-rise buildings
Nonlinear analysis
Seismic analysis