American Society of Civil Engineers

Kawainui Marsh Wetland Restoration

by Travis W. Hylton, P.E., (Oceanit, 828 Fort Street Mall, Suite 600, Honolulu, Hawaii, 96813, E-mail:
Section: Large-Scale Wetland/Marsh Restoration, pp. 1-10, (doi:

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2008: Ahupua’A
Abstract: The Honolulu District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), in cooperation with the Hawaii State Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), Division of Forestry and Wildlife (DOFAW), has authorized and funded the design the Kawainui Marsh Restoration Project (KMRP). Kawai Nui Marsh is the largest remaining wetland in Hawaii, encompassing approximately 830 acres of land in Kailua, Oahu. The marsh provides important habitat for four endangered species of native Hawaiian waterbirds and for migratory bird species, and is identified by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service as a waterbird recovery area. The project purpose is to restore approximately 40 acres of the upper portions of the Kawainui Marsh to habitat suitable for endangered Hawaiian waterfowl; namely the Hawaiian Duck (Hawaiian name: Koloa, Scientific name: Anas wyvilliana), Hawaiian Stilt (Hawaiian name: Aeo, Scientific name: Himantopus mexicanus knudseni), Hawaiian Moorhen (Hawaiian name: Alae ula, Scientific name: Gallinula chloropus sandviceensis), and Hawaiian Coot (Hawaiian name: Alae keo keo, Scientific name: Fulica Americana alai).

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