American Society of Civil Engineers

Effective Stress Analysis and Set-up for Shaft Capacity of Piles in Clay

by Bengt H. Fellenius, P.Eng., M.ASCE, (1905 Alexander St. SE, Calgary, Alberta, T2G 4J3 E-mail:
Section: Invited Papers, pp. 384-406, (doi:

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: From Research to Practice in Geotechnical Engineering
Abstract: A case history of repeated dynamic and static loading tests in Alberta on two pipe piles during dissipation of driving-induced pore pressures is presented together with three reanalyzed published case histories involving similar records. The four case histories demonstrate that, for each case, the same effective-stress proportionality coefficients, beta-coefficients, fit the capacities at different degrees of dissipation of excess pore pressures. For two of the test sites, the beta-coefficients back-calculated from the tests differed considerable from the values determined from the soil plasticity relation, while for two, the agreement is good. For one case, the back-calculated shaft resistance agreed well with the values of vane shear strength, while a less good agreement was found for the other tests. Neither case showed good agreement was found for methods combining undrained shear strength and effective overburden stress. Capacity calculations for two cases employing methods based on CPT soundings gave excellent agreement with one test and a poor agreement with the other. The increase of capacity due to aging after dissipation of excess pore pressures did not agree with cited recommendation for calculations of aging effect.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Stress analysis