American Society of Civil Engineers


Permanent Strain Characterization in Granular Materials Using Repeated Load Triaxial Tests and Digital Image Correlation (DIC) Technique


by Khaled Sobhan, (Associate Professor, Center for Marine Structures and Geotechnique, Department of Civil Engineering, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431 E-mail: ksobhan@fau.edu), D. V. Reddy, (Professor and Director, Center for Marine Structures and Geotechnique, Department of Civil Engineering, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL 33431 E-mail: reddy@civil.fau.edu), and Michael J. Genduso, (Project Manager, Terracon, Oklahoma City, OK 73105 E-mail: migenduso@terracon.com)

pp. 181-188, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40972(311)23)

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: GeoCongress 2008: Characterization, Monitoring, and Modeling of GeoSystems
Abstract: An experimental investigation was conducted to evaluate the permanent strain characteristics of a granular pavement foundation layer using Repeated Load Triaxial (RLT) tests, assisted by a non-contact strain measurement system based on a Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique. Permanent strains are generally determined from laboratory triaxial tests using global measurement of axial strains. Under cyclic loading there may be formations of localized strains and instabilities, which may not be captured by conventional measuring methods, but can have significant influence on the performance of the constructed granular layer. Results are reported from a series of 40 consolidated drained triaxial tests, to develop a better understanding of the permanent strain response of a granular material under simulated traffic loadings. The DIC technology was employed to record deformation measurements, which included acquiring high-resolution images of the specimen at every 100 cycles of repeated deviatoric stresses, using a Q-Imaging / QICAM 1394 camera, and VIC-2D image correlation software. Results indicate that there is a reasonable match between the LVDT and DIC measurements when the entire specimen length was used as the gage length. However, localized strains at the top, middle, and bottom of the specimens computed from DIC measurements deviated from the LVDT measurements. This factor should be taken into account during the pavement design phase, or for the development of pavement rutting performance models.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Granular media
Imaging techniques
Repeated loads
Strain
Triaxial tests