American Society of Civil Engineers

Realistic Assessment for Safety and Service Life of Reinforced Concrete Decks in Girder Bridges

by Byung Hwan Oh, (corresponding author), M.ASCE, (Prof., Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Seoul Natl. Univ., San 56-1, Shinrim-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Korea E-mail:, Young Lew, (Manager, Civ. Engrg. Team, SK Engrg. and Constr., 192-18 Kwanhun-dong, Jongro-gu, Seoul, Korea), and Young Cheol Choi, (Res. Assoc., Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Seoul Natl. Univ., San 56-1, Shinrim-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Korea)

Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol. 12, No. 4, July/August 2007, pp. 410-418, (doi:

     Access full text
     Purchase Subscription
     Permissions for Reuse  

Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: The lack of safety of deck slabs in bridges generally causes frequent repair and strengthening. The repair induces great loss of economy, not only due to direct cost by repair, but also due to stopping the public use of such structures during repair. The major reason for this frequent repair is mainly due to the lack of a realistic and accurate assessment system for bridge decks. The purpose of the present paper is therefore to develop a realistic assessment system which can estimate reasonably the safety, as well as the service life of concrete bridge decks, based on the deterioration models that are derived from both the traffic loads and environmental effect. A deterioration model due to chloride ingress is first established. The damage models due to repetitive traffic loads considering the dry and wet conditions of deck slabs are proposed. These models are used to calculate the remaining life of a bridge deck slab. A prediction method for service life of deck slab due to loading and environmental effects is developed based on material, as well as structural evaluation. The proposed method includes the assessment of corrosion in material level, and the analyses of flexure, shear, and fatigue in structural level. Finally, an assessment system for prediction of safety and remaining service life is developed based on the theories established in this study. The developed assessment system will allow the correct diagnosis of damage state and the realistic prediction of service life of concrete decks in girder bridges.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Bridge decks
Concrete bridges
Reinforced concrete
Service life
Structural safety