American Society of Civil Engineers

Cost and Land Functions for Wastewater Treatment Projects: Typical Simple Linear Regression versus Fuzzy Linear Regression

by Basil Papadopoulos, (Prof. of Mathematics, Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Democritus Univ. of Thrace, 64100 Xanthi, Greece. E-mail:, Konstantinos P. Tsagarakis, (corresponding author), (Adjunct Lect., Appl. Economics and Computer Applications Dept. of Economics, Univ. of Crete, 74100 Rethymno, Univ. Campus, Crete, Greece E-mail:, and Andreas Yannopoulos, (Asst. Prof. of Appl. Economics, Dept. of Economics, Univ. of Crete, 74100 Rethymno, University Campus, Crete, Greece. E-mail:

Journal of Environmental Engineering, Vol. 133, No. 6, June 2007, pp. 581-586, (doi:

     Access full text
     Purchase Subscription
     Permissions for Reuse  

Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: This paper analyzes cost data pertinent to the municipal wastewater treatment plants (MWTP) in Greece. First, data have been collected with onsite visits and contain the land size necessary for a MWTP, the construction cost, and the operation and maintenance cost of existing wastewater treatment facilities. Second, they come from analytical budgeting of natural wastewater treatment system units. Twelve equations of the form ln Yi=A0i+AlilnXi are estimated both with ordinary least squares (OLS) and fuzzy linear regression (FLR). The root mean square error and the mean absolute error are used as fitting measures for the comparison of the OLS with the fuzzy estimations. It is shown that the FLR did produce very similar estimates but slightly inferior to those of OLS in most of the cases for these particular datasets.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Construction costs
Fuzzy sets
Maintenance costs
Regression analysis
Regression models
Wastewater management
Land management