American Society of Civil Engineers

Behavior of Headed Stud Shear Connectors in Composite Beam

by Dennis Lam, M.ASCE, (Senior Lecturer, School of Civil Engineering, Univ. of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, U.K. E-mail: and Ehab El-Lobody, Ph.D., (Student, School of Civil Engineering, Univ. of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, U.K.)

Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 131, No. 1, January 2005, pp. 96-107, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: In composite beam design, headed stud shear connectors are commonly used to transfer longitudinal shear forces across the steel.concrete interface. Present knowledge of the load.slip behavior and the shear capacity of the shear stud in composite beam are limited to data obtained from the experimental push-off tests. For this purpose, an effective numerical model using the finite element method to simulate the push-off test was proposed. The model has been validated against test results and compared with data given in the current Code of Practices, i.e., BS5950, EC4, and AISC. Parametric studies using this model were preformed to investigate variations in concrete strength and shear stud diameter. The finite element model provided a better understanding to the different modes of failure observed during experimental testing and hence shear capacity of headed shear studs in solid concrete slabs.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Composite beams
Finite element method
Shear deformation
Steel structures