American Society of Civil Engineers

Forecasting Construction Staffing for Transportation Agencies

by Lansford C. Bell, S.E., F.ASCE, (Liles Distinguished Professor, Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC 29634) and Stefanie G. Brandenburg, (Grad. Res. Asst., Dept. of Engrg., Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX 78712)

Journal of Management in Engineering, Vol. 19, No. 3, July 2003, pp. 116-120, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Abstract: When the volume of construction projects let to contract increases significantly, state departments of transportation must critically examine internal construction project management staffing capabilities and accurately forecast the manpower required to execute future projects. This paper describes the development of a model or process to forecast manpower requirements as a function of project type and cost for selected employee classifications. Using data from 130 recently completed highway construction projects and over 11,000 employee payroll entries, regression analysis plots were generated to predict overall manpower requirements for projects of a given type and cost. These overall requirements were then adjusted to predict manpower requirements for individual employee classifications using typical task allocation percentages obtained from questionnaire data. The output from the model serves as input into commercially available critical path method scheduling software to facilitate manpower planning and resource leveling.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Construction industry
Construction management