American Society of Civil Engineers

Effect of Lane Width on Capacity under Mixed Traffic Conditions in India

by Satish Chandra, (Assoc. Prof., Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Indian Inst. of Technol., Roorkee, 247667 India. E-mail: and Upendra Kumar, (Former Post Grad. Student at Dept. of Civ. Engrg., Indian Inst. of Technol., Roorkee, 247667 India)

Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 129, No. 2, March/April 2003, pp. 155-160, (doi:

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Document type: Journal Paper
Discussion: by Vijay K. Minocha    (See full record)
Abstract: A new concept to estimate the passenger car unit (PCU) of different types of vehicles under mixed traffic conditions is presented. It utilizes the area, as opposed to only the length, and speed of a vehicle. Data were collected at ten sections of two-lane roads in different parts of India. The width of carriageway (this term is commonly used in India for the total width of the paved surface of a road excluding its shoulders) ranged from 5.5 to 8.8 m. All vehicles were divided into nine different categories and their PCU’s were estimated at each road section. It was found that the PCU for a vehicle type increases linearly with the width of carriageway. This is attributed to the greater freedom of movement on wider roads and therefore a greater speed differential between a car and a vehicle type. The capacity of a two-lane road also increases with total width of the carriageway and the relationship between the two follows a second-degree curve. This relationship is used to derive the adjustment factors for substandard lane widths and the results are compared with literature.

ASCE Subject Headings:
Data collection
Traffic capacity