American Society of Civil Engineers


Hydraulic and Environmental Impacts as well as Operational Benefits of High Speed Inland Ships for Cargo Transport


by Tobias Linke, (Academically Trained Engineer; Viktoriastrasse 19, 30451 Hannover, Germany) and Andreas Huesig, A.M.ASCE, (Academically Trained Engineer; Mendelssohnstrasse 42, 30173 Hannover, Germany)
Section: GIS and Navigation, pp. 1-10, (doi:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40517(2000)62)

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Document type: Conference Proceeding Paper
Part of: Building Partnerships
Abstract: Economy is growing and cargo transport is growing in parallel even faster. Therefore alternatives to truck transport and congested railways are necessary. Cargo transport on inland waterways provides space, capacities, safety, environmental friendliness, less energy consumption and high efficiency, whereas speed is a major disadvantage of present inland ships for cargo transport. Investigations upon operation of high speed inland ships for cargo transport showed, that they can be integrated in transport chains. Simulations showed, that driving durations can be provided as known from cargo transport by truck and railway, depending on size, amount of locks, and traffic density of inland waterway. Therefore accelerating ships’ speed of present inland ships for cargo transport, would increase attractivity for cargo transport on inland waterways. This increases hydraulic impacts because of restrictions and shallowness of inland waterways, resulting in increased ship-generated water level variations and reverse flow velocities compared to present inland ships for cargo transport. This might affect stability of inland waterways’ banks and bottoms, and also the navigational safety.


ASCE Subject Headings:
Freight transportation
Waterways
Ships
Environmental issues
Hydraulics
Model tests
Speed